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Key Partner in Covax Will End Support for Middle-Income Nations

by Shashank
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A key partner of Covax, an organization that has spearheaded efforts to bring Covid vaccines to poor and middle-income countries, will halt vaccine supplies to a large portion of the world’s population over the next year and only to the poorest. It’s a schedule. – Income country.

The board of Gavi, a non-profit that provides immunizations to developing countries, said at a conference in Geneva on Thursday that the coronavirus has killed hundreds of thousands of people in 37 countries, including Egypt and Indonesia. Voted to end support for Covax.

Fifty-four other countries, including some of the world’s poorest countries, will continue to receive free Covid shots and funds to help deliver them, if needed, into 2025.

The decision reflects the plummeting demand for Covid vaccines around the world, and the fact that Gavi has found countries to be overly committed to buying vaccines when they don’t want them. Continued vaccination efforts are expected to focus on high-risk groups, including the elderly and immunocompromised.

Covax has delivered 1.7 billion doses of Covid vaccines to people in developing countries in difficult situations, but fell far short of its goal of ensuring equitable access to vaccines around the world. The effort was initially hampered by high-income countries that limited the initial supply of shots, and later by erratic supply streams and weak delivery systems.

Currently, vaccination coverage in the countries Covax serves has reached an average of 52% of the population who received their first Covid shot. However, the figure for sub-Saharan Africa is only 26%. Deliveries of booster doses have stagnated across the developing world, and Covid cases are rising around the world.

Kate Elder, Senior Vaccine Policy Advisor for Médecins Sans Frontières’ Access Campaign, said, “With the pandemic still underway, it is alarming that this decision was taken without full consultation with these countries. That’s it.

But Dr. Anthony Mounts, director of the Covid vaccine introduction program for the Task Force for Global Health, a nonprofit that has helped Covid vaccination in 37 developing countries, said in the face of the whole situation, the decision was said it seemed inevitable. The lack of interest in Covid vaccines he saw. The World Health Organization currently estimates that 90% of the world’s population has some degree of immunity to Covid-19, either through vaccination or previous infection.

“I think whatever difficulties Covax faced, just the fact that they had a coordination mechanism would be very useful,” said Dr. Mounts. “But it’s time to shift our focus and focus on high-risk groups and what we can do to protect them.”

The 37 countries ending support will receive one-off payments described by the board as “catalytic” and set up their own Covid vaccination programs.

The remaining 54 countries received routine immunization support from Gavi before the pandemic. If these countries choose to continue their Covid campaigns, Gavi will integrate them into their regular support offering Covid shots and end their emergency programs.

Aurelia Nguyen, Chief Programming and Strategy Officer at Gavi, said: “At the same time, we need to plan for potential worst-case scenarios and find ways to make the country more efficient.”

Another Covax partner, the World Health Organization, continues to maintain its goal of vaccinating 70% of each country’s population. WHO did not respond to requests for comment on the Gavi Council’s decision.

Gavi will use funds from developed countries to negotiate purchases with vaccine manufacturers on behalf of Covax and provide funds to countries to help administer the vaccine. Institutions have also received millions of doses of the vaccine as donations, and the tide is surging as high-income countries with stagnant vaccine programs of their own seek to eliminate oversupply.

A budget document submitted to the Gavi board stated that the organization had to renegotiate vaccine contracts to escape having to purchase hundreds of millions of doses of the vaccine, and that countries had to renegotiate vaccine contracts to control injections. It indicates that you were late in using the funds given to you.

Gavi’s board has instructed the organization’s staff to update donors in early 2023 on how to propose using the funds currently in the pool to purchase a vaccine. It also widely approved Gavi’s plan to create her $1.5 billion pandemic preparedness pool.

At the meeting, Gavi’s governor recommitted the organization to catch up with the significant decline in routine childhood immunizations that occurred over the course of the Covid pandemic and led to a resurgence of diseases such as polio and measles.

Additionally, the Gavi Board has invested $600 million to develop a vaccine against human papillomavirus (HPV), aiming to reach 86 million girls with a vaccine designed to prevent cervical cancer by 2025. We have decided to restart the vaccination campaign.

And going forward, Gavi will invest in efforts to scale up vaccine manufacturing in Africa. This was seen when vaccine nationalism left the continent without access to vaccines as part of efforts to prevent disparities like those seen early in the Covid pandemic.

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