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Best Mortgage Calculator, Home Finance companies & Loan approval process

Best Mortgage Calculator, Home Finance companies and Loan approval process

by Ronaldo Derric
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home loan


Mortgages Calculator for Home Finance

How to calculate your mortgage payments

Mortgage payments are complicated. Bankrate’s Mortgage Calculator simplifies this problem.

Next to the “Home price” space, enter the price of the home (if buying) or current value (if refinancing).

If you are buying a home, enter the down payment amount or equity if you are refinancing. A down payment is cash, that you pay upfront to buy a home. Home equity is the amount of the home less what you owe. You can either enter a dollar amount, or a percentage of the purchase price.

Next, choose “Length” and the calculator will adjust the repayment schedule.

In the “Interest Rate” box, you can enter the rate that you are willing to pay. The default rate used by our calculator is the current average rate. However, you can change the percentage. The rate you pay will depend on whether your purchase or refinance is done.

After entering these numbers, a new amount of principal and interest will be displayed to the right. Bankrate’s calculator estimates homeowners insurance, property taxes and homeowners association fees. These costs can be edited or ignored as you shop for a loan. They may be added to your escrow payment but won’t affect your principal or interest while you are exploring your options.

The typical costs of a mortgage payment

Principal and interest make up the majority of your mortgage payments. The principal is the amount that you borrowed. While the interest is what you pay to the lender for borrowing it, the principal is the amount that you borrowed. The lender may also collect an additional amount each month to place into escrow. This money is typically paid directly to the local tax collector or to your insurance carrier.

Formula for mortgage payment

How much will your monthly mortgage payment be? Here’s a formula that will help you calculate your monthly mortgage payment manually, for those who are mathematically inclined:

Mortgage payments can be made using Equation

This formula will help you calculate how much house you can afford. Our Mortgage Calculator will help you determine if you have enough down payment or whether your loan term should be extended. Rate-shopping with multiple lenders is a great way to get the best deal.

How a mortgage calculator could help

It is important to determine your monthly house payment when you are setting your housing budget. This will likely be your biggest recurring expense. Bankrate’s mortgage calculator allows you to calculate your monthly mortgage payment as you shop for a loan, refinance or purchase. Simply change the information you provide to the calculator to see different scenarios. This calculator will help you make a decision:

Deciding how much house to buy

The tried-and-true 28%/36% rule is a good guideline. Financial advisors recommend that you don’t spend more that 28 percent of your gross monthly income on housing, such as rent, mortgage payments, or any other expenses. You should also not spend more that 36 percent on total debt, which includes student loans, mortgage payments, credit card bills, medical bills, and student loans. This is an example of how this might look:

Joe’s monthly total mortgage payments, including principal, interest and taxes, should not exceed $1,400. This is a loan limit of approximately $253,379. You can still qualify for a mortgage if you have a debt to income ratio (DTI) of at least 50 percent. However, spending so much on debt could leave you with little money for your other living expenses, retirement savings, and discretionary spending. These budget items are not taken into consideration by lenders when you apply for a loan. You need to consider them in your housing affordability calculation. You can make financial sound decisions once you have a clear idea of your finances. The How Much House Can You Afford Calculator by Bankrate will assist you in calculating the numbers.

How to reduce your monthly mortgage payment

You can reduce the monthly payment if the monthly amount you see in our calculator seems a little too high. Try a few of the following variables:

Next steps

The mortgage calculator can help you calculate your monthly mortgage payment, and explain what it entails. The next step is to look at the numbers.

Mortgage calculator: Other uses

A mortgage calculator is used most often to calculate the monthly payment for a new mortgage. However, it can also be used for other purposes.

These are just a few of the other uses.

Bankrate’s mortgage calculator has an “Extra Payments” function that allows you to see how you can reduce your term and save money over the long-term by making extra payments towards your principal. These extra payments can be made monthly, annually, or one-time.

Click the “Amortization/Payment Schedule” link to calculate your savings. Enter a hypothetical amount in one of the payment categories (monthly or yearly), then click “Apply Additional Payments” for an estimate of how much interest you will end up paying and the new date that you will pay.

An adjustable-rate mortgage (or ARM) can offer a lower initial interest rate. This can be attractive. An ARM might be right for you, but it may not work for you.

Enter the ARM interest rate in the mortgage calculator to get an estimate of how much you will save. Leave the term at 30 years. Compare those payments with the monthly payments for a 30-year fixed-rate mortgage. This will confirm your initial expectations about the benefits of an ARMS, or help you to see if the risks are worth the gains.

To determine when your home will have 20% equity, you can use our mortgage calculator. This is the magic number to ask a lender to waive its private mortgage insurance requirement. To offset the lender’s risk, if you have less than 20% down on the house you purchase, you will need to pay an additional monthly fee in addition to your regular mortgage payment. This fee is eliminated once you have 20% equity. That means more money in your pocket.

Enter the original amount and date of your mortgage, then click “Show amortization schedule.” To find the time when you will reach 20% equity, multiply your original mortgage amount with 0.8.

Terms explained

An online mortgage calculator will help you predict your monthly mortgage payments quickly and accurately with only a few details. You can also see the total interest you will pay over the term of your mortgage. The following information is required to use the calculator:

Price of a home – This is how much you can afford to buy a house.

Down payment – This is the money that you pay to the seller of your home. Mortgage insurance is usually avoided if you have at least 20% down.

Loan amount – This number can be found if you are getting a mortgage to purchase a home. To find it, subtract your down payment from home’s value. This number is the remaining balance on your mortgage if you are refinancing.

The length of your mortgage (in years) – This refers to the loan term. If you are buying a house, you may choose a 30-year mortgage loan. This is the most popular option as it allows you to make lower monthly payments and spreads the repayment period over three decades. A homeowner refinancing their home might choose a loan with a shorter repayment term, such as 15 years. Another common term for mortgages that allows the borrower save money by paying lower total interest. The monthly payments on 30-year mortgages are lower than those on 15-year loans, which can make it more expensive for first-time homebuyers.

Interest rate – Calculate the interest rate for a new mortgage. Check Bankrate’s local mortgage rate tables. Once you have the projected rate (your actual rate will be different depending upon your credit and financial situation), you can enter it into the calculator.

Date of your loan start – Choose the month, year and day when your mortgage payments start.

TOP 3 Mortgage Calculator online or Home finance Calculators online are :

  1. https://www.mortgagecalculator.org/
Mortgage Calculator

2. https://www.bankrate.com/mortgages/mortgage-calculator/

Mortgage Calculator

3. https://www.bankofamerica.com/mortgage/mortgage-calculator/

Mortgage Calculator

What is an interest rate?

The interest rate is the amount that a lender charges to a borrower. It is a percentage the principal, or the amount borrowed. The annual percentage rate (APR) is the interest rate charged on a loan.

A bank or credit union can charge interest on money earned from a certificate of deposit (CD) or savings account. These deposit accounts earn an annual percentage yield (APY).

The Key Takeaways

Interest Rates: Real and nominal

Understanding Interest Rates

The interest is basically a charge that the borrower pays for the use or a portion of the asset. You can borrow cash, property, consumer goods, vehicles, and other assets. An interest rate is the “cost” of borrowing money. Higher interest rates can make borrowing money more expensive.

Most lending and borrowing transactions are subject to interest rates. Individuals borrow money to buy homes, finance projects, start or fund businesses, and pay college tuition. Businesses borrow money to finance capital projects or expand their operations. The loan money can be repaid in one lump sum at a set date or in regular installments.

The interest rate on loans is applied to principal, which is the amount borrowed. The lender’s rate of return and the cost of the debt are the interest rates. Lenders require that the money repaid be greater than the amount borrowed. This is because they are required to compensate for any loss of money during the loan period. Instead of lending money, the lender could have invested those funds to generate income. The interest is charged on the difference between the original loan amount and the total repayment.

The interest rate charged to a borrower who is low-risk by the lender will be lower. The interest rate charged to a borrower who is high-risk will be higher. This can lead to a higher loan cost.

Lenders often assess risk when they look at potential borrower credit scores. This is why it is important to have a high score if you want to be eligible for the best loans.

Simple Interest Rate

If you get a $300,000.00 loan from the bank, and the loan agreement states that the interest rate is 4%, it means that you will need to pay the bank $300,000.000 plus (4% x 300,000.000 = $300,000.000 + $12,000 = 312,000).

The annual simple interest formula is used to calculate the example.

If the loan was for a single year, the interest payment will be $12,000 The interest payment for a 30-year-term mortgage loan will be:

Simple interest = $300,000. X 4% X 30, = $360,000

Simple interest rates of 4% per year translate into an annual interest payment equal to $12,000. The interest rate of 4% annually is equivalent to a monthly payment of $12,000. After 30 years, the borrower would have earned $12,000 x 30 year = $360,000 in interest payments. This is how banks make their money.

Incompound Interest Rate

The compound interest method is preferred by some lenders. This means that the borrower pays more interest. The compound interest (also known as interest on interest) is calculated both on the principal and the accrued interest from previous periods. The bank assumes that the borrower owes both the principal and the interest for the first year. The bank assumes that the borrower owes both the principal and the interest for the year.

Compounding has a higher interest rate than simple interest. Monthly interest is charged on the principal, plus accrued interest from previous months. Both methods will calculate interest in similar ways for shorter periods. The difference between the two types grows as the lending period increases.

The example shows that the interest owed on a $300,000.00 loan at a 4% rate is nearly $700,000.

To calculate compound interest, you can use the following formula:

Compounded Interest and Savings Accounts

Compound interest is a good way to save money by opening a savings account. These accounts earn compound interest, which is compensation for the account holder allowing the bank use the deposited funds.

For example, if you deposit $500,000 in a high-yield savings bank, the bank can borrow $300,000. The bank will pay 1% interest annually to compensate. The bank takes 4% from the borrower but gives 1% back to the account holder, netting it 3% interest. In other words, savers loan money to the bank which in turn provides funds for borrowers in return.

Compounding interest rates can have a snowball effect, which can lead to wealth building over time. Investopedia Academy’s Personal Finance course for Grads teaches you how to build a nest egg that will last.

The Cost of Debt for Borrowers

Although interest rates are income for the lender, they represent a cost to the borrower. To determine the most cost-effective source of funding, companies weigh the costs of borrowing and equity (such as dividends) to decide which one is the best. To achieve optimal capital structure, companies evaluate the cost of capital as they can either take on debt or issue equity.


The annual percentage rate (APR) is the most common way to describe interest rates for consumer loans. This is the rate of return lenders require to lend their money. An example of an APR is the interest rate for credit cards. In the example, the APR for the borrower or mortgage is 4%. The compounded interest over the year is not included in the APR.

Annual percentage yield (APY), is the interest rate earned by a bank from a savings account, CD or other financial instrument. This interest rate includes compounding.

How are interest rates determined?

A variety of factors affect the interest rate charged by banks, including the economic state. The interest rate is set by a country’s central bank (e.g. the Federal Reserve in the U.S.). Each bank then determines the APR range that they offer. The cost of debt increases when the central bank sets high interest rates. High interest rates discourage borrowing and slow down consumer demand. Inflation tends to cause interest rates to rise.

Banks may have higher reserve requirements to combat inflation. Tighter money supply can result or greater demand for credit. People will save their money in high-interest economies because they get more from savings. Investors would prefer to save money than invest in stocks with lower returns. This causes the stock market to suffer. Economic contraction is also caused by the limited availability of capital financing through debt.

Because borrowers can get loans at low rates, economies are more likely to be stimulated. Because savings rates are low, individuals and businesses are more likely than ever to invest in riskier investments such as stocks and other assets. This spending boosts the economy and gives rise to capital markets, which in turn leads to economic expansion. Although governments would prefer lower interest rates they can eventually cause market disequilibrium, where demand exceeds supply. This causes inflation. Inflation is a condition where interest rates rise, which could be related to Walras’ Law.


In mid-2022, the average interest rate for a 30-year fixed rate mortgage was 2.89%. This is an increase of 2.89% from just one year ago.

Interest Rates and Discrimination

According to a Realtor.com report, published in July 2020, homebuyers from predominantly Black communities receive mortgages at higher rates than those in white communities. This is despite laws such as the Equal Credit Opportunity Act (ECOA) that prohibit discriminatory lending practices. The analysis of 2018 and 2019 mortgage data revealed that higher interest rates resulted in almost $10,000 more over the term of a 30-year fixed-rate loan.

The Consumer Financial Protection Bureau (CFPB), who enforces the ECOA issued a Request for Information in July 2020. It sought public comments on the potential improvements to the ECOA to ensure that credit is not discriminatory. Kathleen L. Kraninger (director of the agency) stated that clear standards are important for protecting African Americans and other minorities. However, the CFPB must take action to ensure lenders and other creditors follow the law.

Why are 30-year loans more expensive than 15-year loans?

Rates of interest are determined by the risk of default and the opportunity cost. Because there are more times that borrowers can default, longer-term loans and debts are more risky. The opportunity cost of longer-term loans and debts is higher than shorter ones. The principal is locked up for a limited time and cannot be used elsewhere.

What is the Fed’s Use of Interest Rates in the Economy

Along with other central banks worldwide, the Federal Reserve uses interest rates to implement monetary policy. The central bank can increase the cost of borrowing among commercial banking institutions, as well as influence other interest rates, such those on personal loans and business loans. The central bank can make borrowing more expensive, which lowers the demand for money and cools down an economy that is hot. Low interest rates on the other side make it easier to borrow money, which stimulates spending and investment.

Why do bond prices react in an opposite way to changes in interest rates?

Bonds are debt instruments that pay a fixed interest rate over their life. Let’s say that the prevailing interest rate is 5%. A bond priced at $1,000 par and with a coupon interest rate of 5% will pay 50 dollars per year to bondholders. New bonds will be issued at double the rate of interest if they rise to 10%. That is $100 for every $1,000 face value. A $50 bond will need to be sold at a substantial discount if it is to be bought. New bonds will pay only $10 per $1,000 if interest rates fall to 1%. A bond that pays $50 per $1,000 will be highly sought after and will command a high price.

Consumer Financial Protection Bureau. “The Bureau is taking action to build a more inclusive financial system.

Find Best Interest Rates here :

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  2. https://www.lendingclub.com/
  3. Prime Alliance Bank

Breadfinacial offers 2.15 % on savings account

lending club offers 2.07% on saving account

Prime Alliance Bank is offering 2.05%

Best Mortgage Lenders Of August 2022

All mortgages are not created equal. Fees and closing times can vary depending on which lender you choose. While some lenders are focused on speedy preapproval, others offer discounts to military personnel or customers who are already customers.

We compared many lenders to compile this comprehensive list of the top lenders for borrowers.

We considered four key categories: affordability, speed to funding, borrower’s ability and ability to obtain a loan. We want to help you compare lenders by letting you know which ones are best in each area.

Best Mortgage Lenders

These are the 10 largest lenders

These are the top 10 most prolific lenders in terms of mortgages originated over the past year.

  1. Rocket Mortgage. Rocket was the largest mortgage originator by a wide margin. It originated over 1.2 million loans totaling $340 billion in 2021 according to HMDA data. Rocket saw a modest 8 percent increase of loans from 2020 to 2021 after registering a large growth rate in 2020.
  2. United Shore Financial. Also known as United Wholesale Mortgage. This lender originated 654,000 loans totaling nearly $227 billion by 2021. These figures represent double-digit growth over 2020.
  3. LoanDepot. LoanDepot has been growing steadily. In 2021, LoanDepot had originated $137 billion worth of loans.
  4. Wells Fargo. Megabank Wells Fargo originated 376,000 loans totaling $159 billion in the last year.
  5. Freedom mortgage. This lender originated 36,000 loans totaling $89 billion. Both are down from 2020. Freedom Mortgage is a loan program offered by the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) and U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. The average loan amount was $248,000, which is the lowest of the top 10.
  6. JPMorgan Chase. The megabank’s Chase home lending generated 274,000 loans in excess of $134 billion. The average loan amount of JPMorgan Chase was more than $487,000, making it the most valuable among the top 10.
  7. Fairway Independent Mortgage. Fairway has originated close to 236,000 loans totaling $71 billion.
  8. Caliber Home Loans. Caliber originated almost 232,000 mortgages valued at $71 billion.
  9. Home Point. Home Point closed 209,000 mortgages totaling $74 billion.
  10. PennyMac. PennyMac originated almost 209,000 mortgages valued at $60 billion.

Fairway Independent Mortgage and PennyMac are both ranked lower than the number of loans originated when lenders are ranked based on dollar volume. They are replaced by Bank of America which originated 172,000 mortgages worth $85 billion and Guaranteed rate which originated 195,000 loans totaling $74 billion.

This guide will help you navigate the mortgage underwriting process

These steps will help you navigate the mortgage approval process.

Read for 6 minutes

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You have found the perfect home, with a large kitchen, enough bedrooms, and a backyard. How do you go from serious buyer to happy homeowner? To finance the purchase, you can take out a mortgage. This is what you need to know regarding the mortgage underwriting process.

What is mortgage underwriting?

Although you may have heard of underwriting before, what exactly does it mean? Underwriting refers to what happens behind-the scenes after you submit your mortgage application. This is the process by which a lender examines your financial and credit history to determine whether you are eligible for a loan.

These are the steps involved in mortgage underwriting and what you can expect.

Step 1: Submit your mortgage application.

Fill out a loan request. Your information will determine whether you are eligible for a loan. Every situation is different so the documents you will need might vary. Most likely, you will need to provide the following:

  • ID and Social Security Number
  • Pay stubs for the last 30 days
  • W-2s and I-9s for the last two years
  • Any other income sources must be proven
  • Federal tax returns
  • Recent bank statements and evidence of assets
  • Information on long-term debts like student or car loans
  • Information about real estate properties/Accepted offer to purchase (signed by all parties).

You can apply online for a mortgage using your smartphone or computer. It’s safe and secure. Sign up and you can answer simple questions, follow a guideline, and import or upload documents. You can either start your application yourself or with help from a mortgage loan officer. Your lender will provide a Loan Estimate (LE), which shows your closing costs within three business days after you submit your application.

If you have found the perfect home, you can start your application.

We will verify your financial and personal information. Then, we’ll pull your credit report and connect you with a mortgage loan officer about the results.

Get started

Step 2: Take your time with the review process.

After you submit your application, a loan processor will collect and organize all the documents necessary for the underwriter. The person who approves or denies your loan request is called a mortgage underwriter. Let’s talk about what underwriters look at in the loan approval process. They will consider your credit history, income, and outstanding debts when considering your application. This is an important step in the underwriting process. It focuses on credit, capacity, and collateral.


Your credit history is one of the most important aspects in the mortgage approval process. Your credit report will be reviewed by the underwriter to determine if you have made any payments or paid off student loans, car loans, and other credit lines. They will look for clues that can help them predict your ability pay back the loan.


The underwriter will examine your income, assets, employment, and debt to determine if you have the funds to repay the loan. The underwriter will review your income records, savings, checking, retirement, and 401k accounts. They also look at your tax returns, debt, and debt-to-income ratio. They will want to verify that you and your co-borrowers are able to pay the monthly payments now and in the long-term.


The underwriter will use the current market value to determine the amount of collateral needed for the loan. The lender is assured that the unpaid balance can be recovered in case of default. To assess the value of the home, an underwriter might use an appraisal or another form of valuation.

Step 3: Get an appraisal.

To confirm that the property’s value is in line with the purchase price, a valuation must be done. The property’s size, location, condition, and other features determine the home’s value. It is also important to consider the value of comparable homes in the area.

A valuation (also known as an appraisal) protects both the buyer and the lender by making sure you pay only what your home is worth. You may need to pay more to close the deal, negotiate a lower price, or walk away if the property is less valuable than what it is worth. So that they can recover the money lent to you in case of default, the lender will want to make sure your loan does not exceed the property’s actual value.

Step 4: Protect your investment.

Two useful protection measures are homeowner’s and title insurance.

The property history will give you confidence in what you are buying, and help reduce future title problems. Title searches ensure that there are no claims, liens, judgments, unpaid taxes, or unpaid HOA fees on the property. The title insurer will issue an insurance policy once the title search has been completed to ensure the accuracy of the research.

You will also need to provide proof of homeowner’s coverage. A copy of the insurance declaration page will be required along with a payment receipt or invoice for 12 month coverage.

Step 5: The underwriter makes an informed decision.

The underwriter can approve, deny, or pend your application for a mortgage loan.

  • Approved It’s possible to get a “clear-to-close” right away. It means that you don’t need to do anything else. The lender and you can arrange for closing. If your approval is subject to conditions, you will need to provide additional information such as signatures, tax forms, or pay stubs. It may take longer but it is not impossible to respond to all requests promptly.
  • Denied Before you can decide on the next steps, it’s important to understand why an underwriter denied your mortgage application. An application may be denied for many reasons. There are many reasons why an application is denied. You can address the problem once you have identified the reasons for your decision.
  • Decision pending If the underwriter doesn’t have enough information to complete a thorough assessment, they might suspend your application. If they are unable to verify your income or employment, they may suspend your application. This doesn’t necessarily mean that you won’t be able to get the loan. However, they will need additional documentation to make their decision.

Step 6: Take your confidence to the next step.

Congratulations! You’ve reached closing day! Your lender will send you a Closing Disclosure (CD), at least three days before closing. This document includes information about the loan terms, projected monthly payments, and final costs. This document should be carefully reviewed, including the amount of funds that you will need to close. Ask your lender if you have any further questions.

You will also arrange for your down payment and closing costs. To your closing, bring a photo ID along with a cashier’s check to cover your closing costs. You will sign the final paperwork and pay any closing fees at your closing.

What is the average time it takes to underwrite a mortgage?

Every situation is unique, and underwriting can take from a few days up to several weeks. The process can be slowed down by missing signatures, documents, or issues with title or appraisal insurance. You should be responsive to all information requests. If you require more time to collect documents, communicate with your mortgage loan officer.

These tips will help you to have a smooth underwriting experience.

The majority of the underwriting process is handled by your lender. There are some things you can do to ensure a positive experience.

Keep your debt in check.

While your loan processing is underway, you should avoid taking on additional debt or making financial changes such as closing credit cards or other accounts. Your mortgage approval may be affected by any changes to your debt-to income ratio.

Keep in touch with your lender

There may be additional information or questions that arise during the underwriting process. Your application will move forward if you respond promptly to any of these questions. The online loan application allows you to quickly gather all the information needed while remaining connected with a trusted mortgage officer throughout the entire process.

Be open about your finances.

It’s not possible to hide your income, credit history, or assets. Include explanations and notes for any items that might be noted on your credit reports or statements (e.g. missed payments). This is a simple way to assist the underwriter in making a faster decision.

It can be easier to understand what to expect during the mortgage application process. You’ll be more successful if you are prepared. Keep your debt under control, communicate with your lender, and be open about your finances. These steps will help you become a happy homeowner.

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